PEUGEOT 405 T16, the predecessor of the 508 PEUGEOT SPORT ENGINEERED, the greatest embodiment of the sports sedan concept in the 1990s
With its permanent four-wheel drive, 220 bhp and 235 km/h Max speed, the elegant PEUGEOT 405, which was available in a T16 sports version at the beginning of the 1990s, was the ideal car for anyone looking for a high-performance family model.
The PEUGEOT 405 T16 is the forerunner of the new 508 PEUGEOT SPORT ENGINEERED, which was introduced by the brand at its 210th anniversary.
30 years later, in the energy transition era, this car is redefining the concept of the sports saloon with 360 hp thanks to the combination of the power of its combustion engine and its two electric motors at the front and rear.
Driving pleasure has always been at the heart of the PEUGEOT brand's DNA. Through the PEUGEOT SPORT ENGINEERED label, the brand is striving to define a new type of performance by building machines whose electric power generates new sensations and driving experiences. With the high-performance versions of the PEUGEOT 508 saloon and SW, PEUGEOT is unveiling the first chapter of its PEUGEOT SPORT ENGINEERED label.
A perfect alliance between sportiness and technology, the 508 PEUGEOT SPORT ENGINEERED is showcasing the codes of a new performance, a responsible performance: Neo-Performance.
If we look back in our rearview mirror, the topic of the high-performance sports sedan is not new to PEUGEOT. At the beginning of the 1990s, the sportiest version of the PEUGEOT 405 was born. Since its launch in 1987, the PEUGEOT 405 has carried the genes of a sports sedan, but a radical version was never in the offering. In 1993, a T16 version was launched, whose acronym has an important historical significance, since it is the legacy of the PEUGEOT 405 Turbo 16, double winner of the 1989 and 1990 Paris Dakar Rally, but also of the Pikes Peak hill climb race in 1988 and 1989. It then succeeded the legendary PEUGEOT 205 Turbo 16, double world champion in group B rallies and twice winner of the Paris-Dakar in 1987 and 1988.
The PEUGEOT 405 T16 is equipped with a highly sophisticated engine, ideal for customers who want to combine the virtues of a comfortable family saloon with those of a sports car that delivers maximum driving pleasure. This extreme version of the 405 offers unprecedented performance for a model of this type.
Equipped with a 2-litre turbocharged 4-cylinder engine supercharged by a Garett turbocharger, the PEUGEOT 405 T16 reaches a power output of 196 bhp, which can be increased to 220 bhp thanks to the boost pressure delivered by the overboost. Its performance is brilliant, with a top speed of 235 km/h and acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h in just 7 seconds, largely thanks to the constant all-wheel drive and viscous coupling, which, when fitted alongside, controls slip and distributes torque in the order of 53% to the front and 47% to the rear.
In order not to overwhelm the aesthetics and not to spoil the excellent work carried out by Pininfarina, the kit of this sporty version of the PEUGEOT 405 is not too distinctive. This means that it does not have the wide wheel arches found on the standard 205 Turbo16, for example, but instead it has a silhouette that maintains its elegance. The only differences are the 16-inch five-spoke light-alloy wheels - instead of the standard 15 - and the standard headlight cleaning system, which allowed even the greatest enthusiasts to identify it at first glance. The 405 T16 has inherited the rocker panels, front and rear bumpers and a redesigned, more aerodynamic spoiler from its predecessor, the PEUGEOT 405 Mi16. Its calling card can be found on the rear, on the bootlid, bearing the model name and the red "T16" lettering.
The Peugeot 405 T16 is a top-of-the-range model, technologically advanced and capable of inspiring those who drive it without surrendering its elegant lines and remarkable comfort for all occupants.
1046 units were made, which make it a sought-after model for collectors.
More generally, the PEUGEOT 405 has been an enormous commercial success, winning the 1988 Car Of the Year (COTY) award and has inspired different competition versions:
- A version of the 405 T16 with an engine power increased to 660 hp. won the highest hill climb race in the world, Pikes Peak, in 1988 and 1989 with Ari Vatanen and then Robby Unser behind the wheel. Vatanen's climb in 1988 beat the previous absolute record, which had been unbeaten for 5 years and was the subject of a film, based on which Jean-Louis Mourey made the magnificent short film "Climb Dance".
The PEUGEOT 405 Turbo 16 (written in full) Rally-Raid, a coupé inspired by the 405 sedan, replaced the 205 Turbo 16 in the African sands and won two consecutive Paris-Dakar races in 1989 and 1990, with Ari Vatanen at the wheel.